The History of Volleyball
Volleyball is one of the world’s most popular sports and is played by more than 800 million people on the planet at least once a week.
Volleyball has come a long way to be here, let me tell you of its journey here, shall we sit back and relax its going to be long ride, oh and watch out for the ball on your way up. Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are divided by a net.
The object of the game is to send the ball over the net so that the opposing team cannot return the ball or prevent it from hitting the ground in their court under organized rules. It has been a part of the official program of the summer Olympic Games since 1964. There are different versions available for specific circumstances in order to offer the versatility of the game to everyone.
The team has three hits for returning the ball (in addition to the block contact). The ball is put in play with a service: hit by the server over the net to the opponents. The rally continues until the ball is grounded on the playing court, goes “out” or a team fails to return it properly.
In Volleyball, the team winning a rally scores a point (Rally Point System). When the receiving team wins a rally, it gains a point and the right to serve, and its players rotate one position clockwise. Volleyball is one of the world’s most popular sports and is played by more than 800 million people on the planet at least once a week.
History of Volleyball
William G. Morgan a physical education director in Holyoke, Massachusetts USA created a new game called Mintonette on February 9, 1895 as a pastime to be played preferably indoors and by a number of players.
The characteristics of the game came from tennis, handball and another indoor sport basketball. Mintonette was designed to be an indoor sport, less rough than basketball, for older members of the YMCA, while still requiring a bit of athletic effort.
The first rules, written down by William G Morgan, called for a net 6 feet 6 inches high, a 25×50 feet court, and any number of players. A match was composed of nine innings with three serves for each team in each inning, and no limit to the number of ball contacts for each team before sending the ball to the opponents’ court. In case of a serving error, a second try was allowed.
Hitting the ball into the net was considered a foul (with loss of the point or a side-out)—except in the case of the first-try serve. After an observer, Alfred Halstead, noticed the volleying nature of the game at its first exhibition match in 1896, played at the International YMCA Training School (now called Springfield College), the game quickly became known as volleyball (it was originally spelled as two words: “volley ball”).
Volleyball rules were slightly modified by the International YMCA Training School and the game spread around the country to various YMCAs.
Over the years volleyball has been refined and has become one of the most recognizable game across the world. During 1896 and 1900 spalding created the first official volleyball.
The rules evolved over time: in the Philippines by 1916, the skill and power of the set and spike had been introduced, and four years later a “three hits” rule and a rule against hitting from the back row were established.
In 1917, the game was changed from 21 to 15 points or some other agreed upon number. The team that wins the best two out of three games wins the match. In 1919, about 16,000 volleyballs were distributed by the American Expeditionary Forces to their troops and allies, which sparked the growth of volleyball in new countries.
The first country outside the United States to adopt volleyball was Canada in 1900. An international federation, the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), was founded in 1947, and the first World Championships were held in 1949 for men and 1952 for women.
The sport is now popular in Brazil, in Europe (where especially Italy, the Netherlands, and countries from Eastern Europe have been major forces since the late 1980s), in Russia, and in other countries including China and the rest of Asia, as well as in the United States.
Beach volleyball, a variation of the game played on sand and with only two players per team, became a FIVB-endorsed variation in 1987 and was added to the Olympic program at the 1996 Summer Olympics.
Volleyball is also a sport at the Paralympics managed by the World Organization Volleyball for Disabled. Volleyball is a fun sport that is easy to learn and can be played in a gym, at the beach or on the grass, playing volleyball will help improve cardio, flexibility, balance and coordination. Most schools have volleyball teams. If you’re not into joining a team, you can just grab volleyball and a few friends and play your own game.